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广东省2019年中考英语试题

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2019年广东省初中学业水平考试英语
说明:
1. 全卷共10页,满分为120分,考试用时为100分钟。
答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔在答题卡填写自己的准考证号、姓名、考场号、座位号。用2B铅笔把对应该号码的标号涂黑。
选择题每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试题上。
非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。
考生务必保持答题卡的整洁。考试结时,将试卷和答题卡一并交回。
听力理解(本大题分为A、B、C、D四部分,共30小题,每小题1分,共30分)
听单句话(本题有5小题,每小题1分,共5分)
根据所听到的话和卷面的问题,选择符合题意的图画回答问题,并将答題卡上对应题目所选的选项涂黑。每小题听一遍。
Where is the bag?
        
Who is the speaker talking about?
      
What does Mike usually do after school?
      
What time does Jane have a piano lesson on Mondays?
     
How many boxes of milk did Jack buy just now?
    
听对话(本题有10小题,每小题1分,共10分)
回答每段对话后面的问题,在每小题所给的三个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并将答题卡上对应题目所选的选项涂黑。每段对话听两遍。
听第一段对话,回答第6小题。
6. Who are the speakers going to help?
A. A little kid	B. A young lady. 	C. An old man. 
听第二段对话,回答第7小题。
7. What does Alice think of the magazine?
A. Interesting. 	B. Boring. 	C. Popular. 
听第三段对话,回答第8小题。
8. When are the speakers going to eat out? 
A. This Friday. 	B. This Saturday. 	C. This Sunday. 
听第四段对话,回答第9小题。
What did Tom do last night? 
A. He watched a football game。
B. He prepared for a report。
C. He studied for a test。
听第五段对话,回答第10小题。
How much are the apples and the grapes?
A. 25 yuan. 	B. 38 yuan. 	C. 63 yuan
听第六段对话,回答第11-12小题。
Where does the man want to go?
A bank. 			B. A post office. 		C A library. 
12. How will the man go there?
A. On foot. 			B. By bike. 			C. By bus. 
听第七段对话,回答第13-15小题。
13. What is the man looking at?
A. A menu.   B. A book.    C. A map. 
14. What is the picture show about?
A. Asian culture.   B. African culture. C. European culture. 
15. Where may this conversation take place?
A. At the museum.  B. At home.    C. At school. 
C. 听独白(本题有10小题,每小题1分,共10分)
请根据所听内容,在每小题所给出的三个选项中,选出一个能完成句子的最佳答案,并将答题卡上对应题目所选的选项涂黑。独白听两遍。
听第一段独白,回答第16-20小题。
Everyone can do something to make a difference to a ____. 
community	  B. hospital	   C. country
17. We should get together to collect the rubbish ____ a year. 
A. once			B. twice		 C. three times
18. Some of the elder people need us to go shopping or for ____ them. 
A. sing 			B. clean			C. Read
19. The reading club is a good place to welcome ____. 
A. customers 		B. newcomers 		C. old friends
20. There are ____ examples in the speech. 
A. three		B. four			C. five
听第二段独白,回答第21—25小题。
21. Jack is a(n) ____in Germany. 
A. artist	B engineer	C. teacher
22. In the past ____ years, Jack has collected many old things. 
A. 8 		B. 10 		C. 12 
23. He uses the ____ of an old car as part of the wall. 
A. wheel		B. door			C. seat
24. A ____ cover around the house helps to keep the heat inside. 
A. plastic			B. glass			C. steel
25. Jack can now move ____ anywhere he likes. 
A. the whole house 	B. the front door		C. some rooms
听第三段独白,回答第26—30小题。

A Volunteer Program
Where to go: A village, __26__kilometers from the city center
How to get there: By high-speed train and __27__
Where to stay: At the volunteer center with shared rooms
What to eat: Three __28__ Chinese meals a day
What to do: Take a __29 __lesson on Monday
Teach English and __30 __at a primary school from Tuesday to Friday
Tour around the village at the weekend
单项填空(本大题有15小题,每小题1分,共15分)
在每小题所给的四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案,并将答题卡上对应题目所选的选项涂黑。
31. ____ Great Wall is one of the seven wonders around the world. 
A. The		B. A			C. An		D. /
32. We are proud of our country. The year 2019 is her ____ birthday. 
A. seventy	B. the seventy		C. the seventieth	D. seventieth
33. I think tea will taste better ____ some milk in it. 
A. for		B. with			C. from			D. at
34. Fishing is one of ____ activities among the middle-aged people. 
A. popular					B. more popular
C. most popular			D. the most popular
35. Nobody taught the old lady how to use Wechat. She learned it all by ____. 
A. she		B. her		C. herself		D. hers
36. Young people are encouraged to work hard ____their own dreams. 
A. achieve		B. achieves		C. to achieve		D achieved
37. We should take care of the earth ____ we can make a better world to live in. 
A. so that		B. until		C. even if		D. while
38. It is said that one Greater Bay Area university ____ in Guangdong in the future. 
A. will be built	B. build		C. will build		D. is built
39. A mobile phone with 5G can send videos much ____ than the one with 4G. 
A. Fast		B. faster		C. fastest		D. the fastest
40. ____ smart the driverless car is! I really want to have one. 
A. What		B. What a		C. What an		D. How
41. My father ____ in a panda protection center for 10 years, so he knows a lot about panda. 
A. was working	B. is working		C. has worked		D. will work
42. Dirty air and water are harmful. They ____ kill plants, and even people. 
A. can 	 B. can’t		C. should			D. shouldn't
43. —Have you decided ____ the Expo 2019 Beijing?
—This summer holiday. 
A. How are you going to      B. how you are going to 
C. when are you going to		D. when you are going to
44. Not all children ____ watch this video will become a scientist, but some may become interested in science. 
A. whom		B. which		C. who		D. whose
45. —The weather report says we will expect a sunny day tomorrow. 
—____. I am going to go climbing with my classmates. 
Bad luck		B. I hope so	C. Sounds terrible 	D. I'm afraid so
完形填空(本大题有10小题,每小题1分,共10分)
通该下面短文,掌握其大意,然后在每小题所给的四个选项中,选出一个最佳答案。并将答题卡对应题目所选的选项涂黑。
Cindy and Anna were best friends. Some days they could spend hours happily together without any argument, but other days they just could not __46__ on what to do. 
One day they decided to play in the garden near their school. “Come on, let's play chess,”Anna said. 
“I don't want to play chess,”Cindy replied. 
“We always do what you want to do, Cindy. It's my turn to make a __47__,” Anna said. She was getting a little unhappy and __48__, leaving Cindy alone. 
Cindy was very angry. __49__ she got home,  she found she still had Anna’s notebook in her schoolbag. “Well, I’m not giving it back to her today. I’m too mad at her, " Cindy thought. 
The next day at school, their teacher Mr. s Stone __50__ their notebooks. But Anna didn’t have hers, and she looked __51__. Cindy knew she should tell Mrs. Stone that she had the notebook, but she was __52__ mad at Anna. 
When it was time for lunch, Cindy finally told Mrs. Stone the __53__. "Thank you for being __54__, Cindy. I'm sure Anna will be thankful that you have given me her notebook," said Mrs. Stone. 
Later, Mrs. Stone asked the two girls together and talked with them. Mrs. Stone helped them __55__ that it was a good idea to take turns to decide the activity. They became best friends again. 
46.  A. agree			B.  live			C. depend		D.  try
47.  A. promise		B.  project		C.  decision		D. dialogue
48.  A.  went over		B.  went on		C.  went by		D.  went away
49.  A.  Because		B.  After			C.  Unless		D.  If
50.  A gave away		B.  asked for		C.  handed in		D. paid for
51.  A.  worried		B.  normal		C.  proud		D.  relaxed
52.  A.  still			B.  never			C.  usually		D.  Almost
53.  A.  chance		B.  method		C.  truth			D.  rule
54.  A.  patient		B.  honest		C. active		D. quiet
55.  A.  describe		B.  explain		C.  guess			D. realize
四、阅读理解(本大题有15小题,每小题2分,共30分)
阅读A、B两篇短文,从每小题所给的四个选项中,选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳答案,并将答题卡上对应题目所选的选项涂黑。


56.  According to the passage,  the followings are bullying EXCEPT ____. 
A. calling people mean names			
B. hitting people
C. telling lies about people
D.  laughing with people
57.  Cyberbullying means bullying ____. 
A.  at school		B. at home		C. on the street		D. on the Internet
58.  When you get bad messages online, you should____
A.  share them with friends 			B.  give them to your teacher
C. reply to them at once				D. keep them as your secrets
59.  If you are not kind to someone, you should ____. 
A. say sorry to him 					B.  talk about it in public
C.  ask your parents to say sorry		D. feel sad and keep quiet
60.  This passage is mainly written for ____. 
A.  Teachers		B. parents		C.  child		D.  the police
B
In our daily life, robots are often found to do work that is too dangerous,  boring, difficult,  or dirty. And we often see kids play with toy robots. 
But what exactly is a robot? There are some important characteristics(特征 ) that a robot must have. These characteristics might help you to decide what is and what is not a robot. It will also help you to decide what you will need to build into a machine before it can be considered as a robot. A robot has these important characteristics. 
Sensing First of all, your robot would have to be able to sense the environment around it.  
Give your robot sensors (传感器):light sensors( eyes ), touch sensors (hands), chemical sensors(nose), hearing sensors(ears) and taste sensors (tongue). 
Movement A robot needs to be able to move around its environment.  It can move on wheels, walk on legs or be driven by small engines(发动机). A robot can move either the whole body or just parts of it. 
Energy A robot needs to be able to power itself.  Some robots might power itself with sunlight,some might with electricity, while others with the battery(电池).  The way your robot gets its energy will depend on what your robot needs to do. 
Intelligence A robot needs some kind of "smarts".  A programmer is the person who gives
 the robot its "smarts". The robot will have to have a certain way to receive the program so that it knows what it is to do. 
61.  The underlined word "it" in Paragraph 2 is about ____. 
A.  the toy		B the characteristic 		C.  the machine	 		D.  the engine
62.  The chemical sensors may help a robot to ____. 
A.  See		B.  catch		C. hear		D.  smell
63.  In how many ways can a robot power itself according to the passage?
A.  Two. 		B.  Three. 			C.  Four. 			D. Five. 
64.  The Chinese meaning of "Intelligence" in the last paragraph is ____. 
A.  能源		B. 勤奋		C. 智能			D. 外观
65.  What is the main purpose of the passage?
A.  To help people understand what a robot is. 
B. To tell what a robot can do in our life. 
C.  To describe the movement of a robot. 
D.  To introduce the history of robots. 
C
配对阅读。左栏是五位学生打算成立俱乐部时所遇到的问题,右栏是相应的建议,请为左栏的每位学生选择一个合适的建议,并将题卡上对应题目所选的选项涂黑。
Jack plans to create a cooking club at school.  He wants to know how much it will cos
Sam cares about the environment very much.  
But he doesn't  know how to start an 
Environmental club in school. 
Creating a swimming club is Mike’s dream.  However,  he isn't sure whether 
his school can help to build a pool. 
69. Sue is thinking of starting an English club. But she worries about theme and the place they can meet. 
70. Lucy expects to start a club about poetry because she knows that lots of kids love poetry. But she is wondering how to get people to join. 
	Setting up an English club is one of the things we are going to do this term. So do it right now. Let's see how many people will join and then decide where and when to meet
You must know that pools are expensive to build, and they usually take several years to complete. So I think it’s a good idea to get the swimmers to a nearby pool. 
Reading poems can be very fun.  You can 
first ask your classmates to join, and then they will invite their own friends to join it. 
Your plan sounds like a good one.  As for 
the cost, you can ask your mother for some advice.  She must know a lot about cooking. 
E. First you should think about your interest. If you like playing games, a gaming club will be a good idea. If you are a swimming fan,  it is great to start a swimming club. 
F. I think it is a good idea to set up a club like that! You can first give speeches about protecting the environment at school. 
G. A club can influence people a lot even if it has only a few members, so I wouldn’t worry too much about it being small. 		五、短文填空(本大题有10小题,每小题1. 5分,共15分)
请用适当的词完成下面的短文,并把所缺单词填写在答题卡指定的位置上。每个空只能填写一个形式正确、意义相符的单词。 
Last winter holiday,I visited a village with only 11 houses. __71__ the village was very small,I spent a whole day in it. 
The village became popular because __72__ Grandpa Huang's hard work. He bought a house there over 30 years __73__, but in 2010 the village was to be pulled down. In order to save the old village, Grandpa Huang painted on the walls of __74__ own house and other houses. He painted things that he liked. In the village, there were many paintings of __75 __, such as cats and birds. The most popular paintings for visitors were  of famous people. One of them was a picture of Andy. He and my __76__ singer. I liked him so much that I asked a visitor to __77__ a photo of that painting and me. On the ground of the village, Grandpa Huang has painted __78__ lot of well-known Chinese sayings. From them, Grandpa Huang learned to live a long and happy __79__. 
I really had a good time in the village __80__ wished to visit it again. 
六、读写综合(本大题分为A、B两部分,共20分)
A. 信息归纳(共5小题,每小题1分,共5分)
请阅读一篇有关2019洲文明对话大会之亚美食节广州站(The Asian Cuisine Festival Guangzhou)的短文,根据所提供的信息完成信息卡,把答案写在答题卡指定的位置上。

Information Card
The purpose of the Asian Cuisine Festival Guangzhou	81. 			The number of the top restaurants on the visit	82. 			The thing that the hand-painted picture was about	83. 			They way to make traditional food in this festival	84. 			The things that Guangzhou is well-known for	85. 			B. 书面表达(本题15分)
根据要求完成短文写作,请将作文写在答题卡指定的位置上。
假如你是李华,英国某中学与你所在的学校是姐妹学校。该校校长读到以上这篇短文后,对广东文化产生兴趣,准备组织学生来你的校进行关于广东传统文化的研学交流。请你写一篇发言稿,在欢迎晚会上向他们介绍研学活动的相关安排。
内容包括:
推荐晚会上的两种广东传统食物。
介绍两项广东传统文化活动的安排。(包括活动的时间、地点和内容)
参考活动: 欣赏粤剧(Cantonese opera), 体验功夫(kung fu), 参加广东历史讲座等
作文要求: 
不能照抄原文;不得在作文中出现学校真实的名称和学生的真实姓名。
语句连贯,词数80个左右。作文的开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数,也不必抄写在答题卡上。  
Good evening,everyone. I am Li Hua, chairman of the Students Union. I am very pleased to welcome you to the party. 
. . . 
I hope you'll enjoy your stay here!






2019年广东省初中学业水平考试
英语

1-5 ABBAC 6-10 AABBC
11-15 ABCAC 16-20 ABCBA
21-25 BCBAC
26.104
27.bus
28.simple
29.language
30.Art

二、单项填空(本大题有15小题,每小题1分,共15分)
在每小题所给的四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案,并将答题卡上对应题目所选的选项涂黑。
31
解析:great的发音以辅音音素开头且此处特指“长城”,故用the。
32. D
解析:此处指她的第70个生日,故用序数词,又因为空前有形容词性物主代词her修饰,故序数词前不用定冠词the。
33.B
解析:此处指茶里面加些牛奶会尝起来更好。介词with在此意为“有,带有”。
34.D
解析:考查“one of +the +形容词最高级”的用法,意为“……最……之一”。
35. C
解析:短语by oneself意为“独自;单独”。此处指这位老妇人自己学会使用了微信。
答案:36—40 CAABD
36
解析:动词不定式to achieve在此作目的状语。此处指年轻人被鼓励努力工作去实现他们自己的梦想。
37. A
解析:so that在此引导目的状语从句,意为“以便;为了”。此处指我们应该呵护地球以便我们能创造一个更好的世界来居住。
38. A
解析:在that引导的宾语从句中,主语one Greater Bay Area university与build是逻辑上的动宾关系,故要用被动语态;又因为in the future表示将来,故答案选A。
39. B
解析:由空格前后的much和than可知,此处要用fast的比较级。此处自5G移动手机比4G移动手机发视频速度更快。
40. D
解析:考查感叹句句型“How+形容词+主语+谓语!”。
41. C
解析:由“for 10 years”可知,此处要用现在完成时。此处指我爸爸已经在熊猫保护中心工作10年了。
42. A
解析:此处指肮脏的空气和水能够杀死植物甚至人。can意为“能”。
43. D
解析:decided后面跟的是宾语从句,要用陈序语序;再由答语可知,此处问的是时间。故选D。
44. C
解析:定语从句的引导词在定语从句中作主语,且先行词为人,故定语从句引导词用who。
45. B
解析:结合“I am going to go climbing with my classmates.”可推知,此处希望是晴天,故用I hope so。
三、完形填空(本大题有10小题,每小题1分,共10分)
46 A 解析:结合短文的地二、三、四段可推知,此处指她们不能就做什么达成一致意见。短语agree on sth.意为“就某事达成一致意见”。
47. C解析:结合上下文语境可推知,此处指轮到我做决定了。短语make a decision意为“做决定”。
48. D解析:结合下文“leaving Cindy alone”可推知,Anna变得有点不开心,便离开了。go over意为“复习,温习”,go on意为“继续”,go by意为“”,go away意为“走开,离开”。
49.  B解析:此处指当Cindy回到家后,她发现Anna的笔记本在她的书包里。after意为“在……之后”。
50.  B解析:结合空格前后的内容可推知,此处指Mrs. Stone要他们的笔记本。give away意为“赠送”,ask for意为“请求;索要”,hand in意为“上交”,pay for意为“为……付钱”。
51. A解析:结合上文“their teacher Mrs. Stone ...their notebooks. But Anna didn’t havehers”可推知,Anna找不到自己的笔记本,看起来很担心。worried意为“担心的”,normal意为“正常的”,proud意为“自豪的”,relaxed“放松的”。
52. A解析:连词but在此表示其前后的内容之间是转折关系,结合语境可推知,此处指Cindy知道她应该告诉Mrs. Stone她有Anna的笔记本,但她依旧在生Anna的气。still意为“依旧”, never意为“从不”,usually意为“通常”,almost意为“几乎,差不多”。
53.  C解析:结合倒数第三段和空格后的内容可推知,Cindy最后把真相告诉了Mrs. Stone。chance意为“机会”,method意为“方法”,truth意为“真相”,rule意为“规则”。
54. B解析:Cindy把真相真相告诉了Mrs. Stone,故Mrs. Stone认为她诚实的。patient意为“有耐心的”,honest意为“诚实的”,active意为“活跃的”,quiet意为“安静的”。
55.  D解析:结合空格前后内容可推知,此处指Mrs. Stone使她们意识到轮流去决定活动是一个好主意。describe意为“描述”,explain意为“解释”,guess意为“猜测”,realize意为“意识到”。
四、阅读理解(本大题有15小题,每小题2分,共30分)
56
解析:由“What is bullying?”部分的内容可知,D项不是bullying的行为。
57.  D
解析:由“What is cyberbullying?”部分的内容可推知,cyberbullying指网络欺凌。
58.  B
解析:由“What can you do?”部分的第二段可知,但你收到坏信息时,你应该把它们给老师、家长或警察。
59.  A
解析:由“What can you do?”部分的倒数第二段第一句可知,当你对某人不好时,你应该道歉。
60.  C
解析:通读全文尤其是“What can you do?”部分的第二段可推知,本文主要是写给孩子的。
答案:61—65 CDBCA
61 C
解析:结合画线词前后的内容可推知,it在此是关于the machine的。此处指“在机器被认为是机器人之前,决定把什么放入机器中”。
62.  D
解析:由第三段中的“chemicalsensors(nose)”可推知,the chemical能帮助机器人去“闻”。
63.  B
解析:由倒数第二段中的“Some robots might power itself with sunlight,some might with
 electricity,whileotherswiththebattery(电池).”可知,一个机器人有三种通过自身获得能量的方式。
64. C
解析:由最后一段内容可推知,intelligence在此表示“智能”。
65. A
解析:通读全文尤其是第一段可推知,文章主要是为了帮助人们去理解什么是机器人。

答案:66—70 DFBAC

66. D 第66题中的内容“howmuch it will cost”“a cooking club”与D项中的内容“As for
the cost”“a lot about cooking”是相对应的。
67. F 第67题中的内容“start an Environmental club”“Sam cares about the environment”与F项中的内容“ set up a club”“protecting theenvironment ”是相对应的。
68. B 第68题中的内容“a swimming club”“build a pool”与B项中的内容“get the swimmers to a nearby pool”“pools are expensive to build”是相对应的。
69. A 第69题中的内容“starting an Englishclub”“the place they can meet”与A项中的内容“Setting up an English club”“decide whereand when to meet”是相对应的。
70.C  第70题中的内容“a club aboutpoetry”“how to get people to join”与C项中的内容“Reading poems”“askyourclassmatestojoin”“invitetheir own friends to join it”是相对应的。
五、短文填空(本大题有10小题,每小题15分,共15分)
71.Although/Though  
72. of   解析:短语because of意为“因为,由于”,后接名词(短语)、代词或动名词等。Grandpa Huang's hard work是名词短语。
73. ago  解析:结合语境可推知,此处指在30多年前,黄爷爷在那里买了一所房子。ago意为“以前,以往”,与一般过去时连用。
74. his  解析:结合空格后的“own house and other houses”可推知,此处指黄爷爷他自己的房子,故用his。
75. animals  解析:结合空格后的“such as cats and birds”,此处指很多动物的画。
76. favo(u)rite  解析:结合下一句“I liked him so much that I asked a visitor to... a photo of that painting and me.”可推知,Andy是“我”最喜爱的歌手。
77. take  解析:短语take a photo of...意为“给……拍照片”。此处指给“我”和那幅画拍一张照片。
78. a  解析:短语a lot of意为“很多”。
79. life  解析:结合上一句可推知,黄爷爷从这些中国谚语中学习去过长寿且幸福的生活。live a long and happy life意为“过着长寿且幸福的生活”。
80. and  解析:and在此处表示并列,连接两个并列的谓语动词。
六、读写综合(本大题分为A、B两部分,共20分)
81.Encouraging/To encourage communication among Asian countries.

82.24/Twenty-four.

83. The cuisine choices along the Pearl River.
解析:由第三段第三句可知答案。
84. By using modern technology.
解析:由第三段第四句可知答案。
85.Rich food and culture
解析:由最后一段第二句可知答案。
B. 书面表达(本题15分)
Good evening,everyoneI am Li Hua, chairman of the Students Union. I am very pleased to welcome you to the party. 
 We’ve prepraed some traditional food for you, such as shrimp dumplings,steamed prok ribs. I wish you’ll like them.
As for the schedule of your activities, you’ll watch a Cantonese opera in the music hall on the first day. I believe you will be attracted by its beauty. And you are sure to get more excited on the second day, as you will learn Kung fu from a master in the gym. From the activieies, I think you will have a better understanding of the culture of Guangdong.
I hope you'll enjoy your stay here!














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